This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 668786

Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Netherlands

TNO stands for the Netherlands Organisation of Applied Scientific Research. At this moment TNO employs about 2300 scientists in a wide variety of fields. For global warming, the expertise of several groups is combined: labor studies, geography and thermal physiology.

TNO participated in a big national project (2007-2014) regarding the effects of climate change (Knowledge for Climate – in which knowledge was developed that will be applied in the HEAT SHIELD project.

Key players in the project are Peter Bosch ( and Hein Daanen (