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Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Netherlands

TNO stands for the Netherlands Organisation of Applied Scientific Research. At this moment TNO employs about 2300 scientists in a wide variety of fields. For global warming, the expertise of several groups is combined: labor studies, geography and thermal physiology.

TNO participated in a big national project (2007-2014) regarding the effects of climate change (Knowledge for Climate – in which knowledge was developed that will be applied in the HEAT SHIELD project.

Key players in the project are Peter Bosch ( and Hein Daanen (



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